What is Dihydrotestosterone?
The most important hormones in the male body are called androgens. Even though testosterone is the main hormone of that group, the biggest androgen signal in the human body is obtained from another hormone – dihydrotestosterone (DHT). This hormone helps the development of male outer traits and protects you from the effects of estrogens. DHT is responsible for the hair growth, muscle growth and strength, as well as for increase in the sexuality and libido.
How is it formed?
Dihydrotestosterone is obtained from testosterone after its reaction with 5-α-reductase. Testosterone is then the precursor for DHT synthesis. Almost 10% of the testosterone, which is produced by men daily, is converted to Dihydrotestosterone.
What are the benefits of DHT?
DHT is active and effective in the brain, the central nervous system, the skin, the genitals and wherever androgen receptors are present, except in the muscles where DHT is deactivated. For example, DHT has an important role in the organization and functioning of the central nervous system. Studies have shown that Dihydrotestosterone has greater effect on these cells, compared to testosterone. For a fact, strong interaction between the central nervous system and the muscles, thus adapting the body to daily trainings is of key importance for athletes. Dihydrotestosterone is considered to be the most powerful steroid in the human body.
Why is it needed?
DHT in appropriate levels, is required for the good health of the whole organism. It is important for the sexual differentiation of the male genitalia during embryogenesis, maturation of the penis and scrotum during puberty and hair growth. DHT is a very powerful androgen and it is considered to be essential in the prostate gland, where its levels are 5-10 times higher than those of testosterone.
How is the amount of DHT in the human body controlled?
The amount of DHT in the human body depends on the amount of testosterone. When testosterone levels rise, a larger amount is available to be converted into DHT, thus its levels in the body increase.
The control of DHT levels in the human body is achieved by balancing the production of testosterone, which is controlled by the hypothalamus and the pituitary gland. In response to decreased levels of testosterone, respectively DHT, the hypothalamus produces the so-called “releasing hormone” which is transferred to the pituitary, stimulating it to produce luteinizing hormone in the bloodstream. After that, this hormone goes into the testicle cells and stimulates them to produce testosterone. Therefore, testosterone in the blood is increased and a greater amount of it is converted to DHT, leading to higher overall DHT levels.
When both hormone levels are risen in the bloodstream, they return to the hypothalamus and suppress the production of the “releasing hormone”. Thus, the production of luteinizing hormone from the pituitary gland is inhibited. As a result, the levels of the two hormones decrease and the secretion of the “releasing hormone” is restored.
What happens when DHT production is increased?
The higher level of DHT is a result of excess production of testosterone.
Many scientists have concluded that some people exhibit an abnormal reaction to the otherwise normal DHT levels, and this is expressed by their extremely sensitive hair follicles to dihydrotestosterone. If DHT accumulates during with time it can block the dermal papillae in the follicles. The dermal papilla is the one that delivers nutrients to the points where new hair starts to grow, thus allows for new hair formation. Therefore, if this structure is blocked, important vitamins, proteins and other nutrients can not reach the hair follicles to stimulate the growth of new hair.
There are many people with sensitivity to DHT. It actually leads to a constriction of the hair follicle, and the new hair follicles can not grow on the scalp. Therefore, hair loss in most adults is due to hormonal imbalance and predispositions to DHT.
What happens when DHT production is lowered?
Dihydrotestosterone has an extremely important role for the functioning of the brain. Therefore, its low levels have an impact on human mental health. In this aspect, the symptoms are: depression, sudden mood swings, irritability and lethargy.
As you already know, DHT is also one of the basic hormones that supports sexual desire, thus its lower levels lead to decreased libido.
Decreased production of dihydrotestosterone leads to loss of lean muscle mass and, consequently, increases body fat.
How to balance DHT levels?
One of the most healthy ways to balance the levels of different hormones like testosterone and dihydrotestosterone is with the help of healing herbs. The top quality dietary supplements based on the Bulgarian Tribulus terrestris extract are perfect for your needs. The extract of Bulgarian Tribulus terrestris is standardized at 60% furostanol saponins determined as protodioscin precisely helps your body to form luteinizing hormone from the adeno-hypophysis and supports sex hormone secretion.