Just a few years ago the people were not aware of what is cholesterol and how to measure it. Now with all that information around us, we should not close our eyes for the problem with cholesterol and how it changes our lives. We must never forget that we are what we eat. And what we eat definitely has a lot to do with our cholesterol. Everyone should know if they have too much cholesterol. There are many things you can do to lower the levels of cholesterol if the test determine those are above the limits
However, what exactly is the cholesterol? How to tell if its levels in your body is normal? What are the symptoms of high cholesterol?
The cholesterol is a type of lipid needed for vital body functions. Each of our cells is surrounded by cholesterol, which job is to isolate our nerve fibers. Isolating them, the cholesterol provides a passage of nerve signals, which is extremely important. The cholesterol also produces hormones that are used to spread special signals throughout the body.
Too much cholesterol, however, will increase the chances of heart disease. If your levels are high, you should try to reduce them. Although cholesterol is vital for our bodies to function, it must still be controlled.
How to tell if your you cholesterol levels are high?
You should consult a doctor to find out your cholesterol levels. It happens via a blood test that should be done at least once a year for everyone. In many countries these tests are part of the mendatory Public Health.
Knowing the levels of cholesterol itself is not enough to determine whether you are at risk of a heart disease. The key factor at that point is the lipoprotein levels.
Lipoproteins are molecules that are specifically designed to deliver cholesterol to the body. They are important because they control the amount and location of cholesterol in your body.
There are two main types of lipoproteins :
- High Density Lipoproteins (the carry the HDL cholesterol from the tissues to the liver where it is metabolised)
- Low Density Lipoprotein (they carry the LDL cholesterol from the liver to the tissues where it sticks to the wall of the blood cells)
The “bad ones” are the low density lipoproteins. Higher level of them means that you have bad cholesterol that forms. The other type is associated with lipoproteins good cholesterol which they carry out of the cells to the liver. That's why recently it is very modern to talk about "bad" and "good" cholesterol. Actually, there is no "bad" cholesterol - there is no "bad" of anything that is created in the body for purpose. The "bed" effect comes when it is in excess or its function is disturbed.
The complexity comes from determining the proper level of cholesterol for the particular person. Doctors usually can tell what level a person should have. Statistically, an average person usually should have around 4.0mmol / l, but if you have a low number of low lipoproteins, then the amount should be about 2.0mmol / l. As mentioned, each person is different so you should check with a doctor to know exactly what is the right level for you.
Unfortunately, more and more people suffering from this condition are in the younger age group. Moreover, in recent years there has been a visible increase in the number of patients with high cholesterol. Almost 85% of the cholesterol in the body is produced by the body itself. There is no need add more fats from outside. The saturated fatty acids and the trans fatty acids should be avoided. The trans fatty acids are all fats that are thermo treated!
Although high cholesterol is a serious health problem, it is possible to completely cure from it by means of early diagnosis. In most cases, high cholesterol can be corrected with changes in lifestyle, low-fat diet and exercise.
Regular blood tests are important!
As there are no specific symptoms accompanying the high cholesterol, a generally healthy person may not be aware of it, until high cholesterol does not cause organ damage and show its presence by the appearance of more serious diseases and health problems. Excessive levels of cholesterol in the blood can accumulate in inflamed blood vessels and form a plaque, which causes narrowing of the blood pathways - atherosclerosis.
Complete occlusion of these vessels can lead to heart failure or stroke which are life-threatening conditions and cause significant damage to other organs and systems in the body. It is important to be proactive and go to regular check-ups to get a quick diagnosis and timely treatment.
Symptoms of high cholesterol
• Appearance of xanthomas
Small bubbles that appear as yellowish patches on the skin around the eyes are formed. The presence of these so-called xanthomas is an indication that the level of cholesterol in the blood is too high.
• Pain in the legs
Excessive cholesterol in the blood can be deposited on the walls of the arteries, which in turn leads to arterial disease of the peripheral blood vessels. The restricted blood flow in the arteries of the legs can cause pain and discomfort that is felt more during exercise or any other physical activity.
• Chest Pain
Not controlled levels of cholesterol in the body may possibly lead to heart disease as a result of hardening and blockage of the blood vessels. Heart disease can cause pain in the chest, upper abdomen and neck. Sometimes a feeling of tightness in the chest may occur, which is accompanied by pain and heaviness in the head and tingling of the hands and jaw.
• Excessive sweating and periods of exhaustion
Restricting the flow of blood from the heart to the brain may cause symptoms of shock. In such cases patients begin to sweat excessively and feel episodes of extreme exhaustion.
• Shortness of breath
Lack of endurance in a healthy person may indicate the presence of high cholesterol. The affected people may feel they are short of breath during exercise, when walking fast or even during daily activities.
Palpitations are a result of the high blood pressure caused by the blocking of the arteries and restriction of blood flow. They are characterized by irregular heart beats. Heart seemed to miss a punch and then makes a stronger one. Palpitations are often accompanied by difficult breathing.
The high cholesterol is a silent disease when most of the symptoms occur after it has caused significant damage to various organs. It is therefore advisable to have regular routine examinations so to prevent complications.
The easiest and most secure way to prevent diseases caused by high cholesterol is to eat low-fat foods. Eliminate thе fats from your menu for a while, do some fasting. Educate yourself about healthy diets and do not forget: YOU ARE WHAT YOU EAT!
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